manuscript lab

Dating, Forgery: Non-destructive Methods
Raman spectroscopy – forgery identification

Case Study: Egyptian papyri

Raman analysis of the pigments on 6 illuminated papyri attributed to the period from the 13th to the 1st centuries BC has identified modern pigments unknown in Antiquity, thus unequivocally establishing that the papyri are forgeries (Burgio and Clark 2000).