manuscript lab


Dating, Forgery: Non-destructive Methods
Raman spectroscopy – forgery identification


Case Study: Egyptian papyri


Raman analysis of the pigments on 6 illuminated papyri attributed to the period from the 13th to the 1st centuries BC has identified modern pigments unknown in Antiquity, thus unequivocally establishing that the papyri are forgeries (Burgio and Clark 2000).